Brexit. Citizen's Rights

The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union will affect those Spanish citizens with residence, employment, or family ties to the United Kingdom, as well as those UK nationals who reside in our country, which is home to the largest community of UK nationals in the European Union.

The negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom to reach an agreement regulating the UK’s withdrawal from the EU gave rise to the text of the Withdrawal Agreement adopted by the European Council on 25 November 2018 (and subsequently revised in October 2019) which, having been rejected on several occasions, was ultimately approved by the British Parliament on 20 December 2019 (milestones of the negotiations are detailed on the Commission website).

Under the Withdrawal Agreement, which entered into force on 1 February 2020, the United Kingdom ceased to form part of EU institutions, although all EU law continued to apply to the UK during a transition period lasting until 31 December 2020.

Moreover, and insofar as citizens’ rights are concerned, as of 1 January 2021 the Withdrawal Agreement offers the broadest guarantees possible for all those individuals who are personally affected by the UK’s withdrawal from the EU.

In line with the policy of the Government of Spain, the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration and the Ministry of Labour and the Social Economy have made supplementary information on residence and Social Security entitlements available to the public.