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Unemployment benefits

Unemployment benefits

What would happen with your unemployment benefit?

The planned transitional period on the Brexit withdrawal agreement for which it has been kept the use of the Union acquis in the United Kingdom finished on December the 31st, 2020.

On December 24th, 2020, the Future UK-EU Relationship was achieved, which will be applied temporarily until its full ratification.

From January 1st, 2020, the UK and Spain will follow having jurisdiction to manage their social security benefits based on the contributions carried out in each country, under equality and non-discrimination conditions.

Likewise, from January 1st, 2021, the Future UK-EU Relationship establishes, about unemployment benefits, that legal residents in an EU country or UK can aggregate periods of insurance:

  • Aggregation of periods of insurance:
    • National citizens of the UK that resides in Spain legally will be able to enforce all the contributions paid in the EU, including the UK, provided that the last job took place in Spain.
    • Nationals from the EU, EEA, and Switzerland will be able to enforce their contributions paid in the British social security, provided that their last job took place in Spain.

On the other hand, concerning the recognition of the Spanish benefits, frontier workers who reside in Spain and work in Gibraltar, periods of insurance will be considered, both before and after the end date of the transitional period 31/12/2020.

What situation are you in?

If you are an offshore worker, go to the website of the Social Institute of the Navy where you will find the necessary information on unemployment benefits.